Now KP Sharma Oli-led multi-party coalition government has been formed replacing Sushil Koirala’s cabinet. The present coalition government consists of several constituents including radical communists, monarchists, regional parties. Given the composition of the coalition government, it will be very difficult for the current Prime Minister to take all the forces with different ideological hues and political orientation along. One thing all of us must take into note is the fact that the present alliance is not the choice but an outcome of circumstances and national necessity.
The four major constituents of the present coalition government are CPN-UML, UCPN-Maoist, Rastriya Prajatanra Party-Nepal and Madhesi Janadhikar Forum ( Loktantrik). These parties have different ideological orientations and leaning. But they have one thing in common that is patriotism and willingness to collectively withstand foreign interference in our internal affairs. These parties have stood together especially after India imposed blockade against Nepal in support of some Madhesi parties who burnt the constitution and opposed the constitution-making process. When the constitution writing process was in final stage, India tried to block this process, which was taken in Nepal as a design to keep Nepal in perpetual transition and state of instability and uncertainty. In the last hour, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi sent his foreign secretary S Jaishankar as especial emissary to Nepal to influence political parties and block the constitution writing process. Jai Shankar was reported to have told Nepalese leaders that the constitution without recognition of India will have no meaning and asked the Nepalese leaders to halt the constitution writing process immediately. However, the political parties ignored India’s pressure and continued the constitution writing process. As a result, the new constitution was promulgated on September 20, 2015.
India was not happy with the new constitution as it was promulgated without the consent of India. By ignoring and resisting Indian pressure, Nepalese political parties and their leaders demonstrated their capability to take their own decision. India’s anger was then reflected immediately as it instigated some Madhesi groups to protest against the constitution writing process as well as the new constitution that was written with the participation of more than 90 per cent people’s elected representatives in the Constituent Assembly. The attempt of blocking and obstructing the constitution writing process from somewhere outside the Constituent Assembly was not only undemocratic but also unethical. India made its last-ditch effort to block the constitution writing and peace process, which is not only against democratic development in Nepal but also an open interference in the internal affairs of other’s country. Thus, the action of India and threat tactics it applied is objectionable and unacceptable for all Nepalese people. The major political parties that resisted the Indian pressure to deliver the constitution were definitely praiseworthy. This action begs a question what India will do if any other country in the world tries to impose conditions in India’s internal politics and affairs.
When efforts to block the constitution writing process failed, it immediately instigated some Madhesi parties against the constitution. The Madhesi parties launched protests in some parts of Terai. Under this pretext, India imposed blockade in border points, which caused tremendous hardship in Nepal especially in Kathmandu. As India stopped supplying petroleum products, Nepal is reeling under acute shortage of fuel. But Nepalese people are not desperate as they are firmly of the view that Indian interference and blockade must be resisted. With people’s collective commitment to remain firm against Indian action, Nepal has not bowed down to India. Instead India itself is backing out as its pressure tactics failed to make Nepal and Nepalese people comply with New Delhi’s conditions. As a result, India not only relaxed the border blockade but also instructed the agitating Madhesi parties to take part in the election for prime minister in parliament and vote for Nepali Congress candidate Sushil Koirala.
Nepalese people and political parties foiled Indian design in the election of prime minister in Nepal in which CPN-UML chairperson KP Oli was elected with overwhelming support of different parties defeating his rival Nepali Congress chief Sushil Koirala. India openly supported Sushil Koirala and used all its strength and mobilized its agents in Nepal to ensure Koirala’s victory. However, Nepalese parties demonstrated unity against Indian interference. The Nepali Congress in general and its chief Sushil Koirala was badly exposed while Nepalese people clearly saw the naked interference of India. The present generation of Nepalese people has been filled high sense of patriotism who launched virtually campaign worldwide through social media against Indian sinister design in Nepal. As a result, India was badly exposed in the international arena.
When Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Nepal last year and addressed in Nepalese parliament, Nepalese people had been highly impressed by Modi’s sugar-coated words. But his rhetoric and promises did not last even one year and his real intention was exposed when he imposed blockade in order to support some of the Madhesi parties and groups who have very poor support base within Nepal. It has been proved that these Madhesi parties have kept their politics alive not based on support from Nepalese people but due to India’s money and material support. Had it not been the case, the Madhesi parties would not have changed their stance overnight and come to vote in favor of the candidate backed by India for Prime Minister.
We all Nepalese must understand the fact that what India is doing in Nepal is in line with its ill design of Sikkimization. Its first stage is Fiji process and the second step is Bhutanization while third one is Sikkimization. India is shrewdly working as per its design but unfortunately some of the people in Nepal itself are being used for this Indian design. These people are Nepalese in citizenship certificate and Indians by their commitment. Now a large number of Nepalese people especially youth generation have clearly become aware of this design and this generation has stood firmly against the sinister design of India and its agents in Nepal. And the other important thing is that the present Indian blockade and the prime ministerial election have clearly exposed who are patriotic and who are Indian agents.