A new kind of polarization has taken place in the contemporary Nepal especially after India imposed the blockade. The present government is composed of different parties including leftists, rightist and regional parties with their distinct ideological variation. But there is one thing in common that is they are all nationalist forces. When the constitution was being written, some groups mainly the Madhesis protested and tried to block the constitution writing process. They were visibly backed by some external forces mainly India as they wanted further delay in constitution promulgation so that the state of instability and uncertainty will continue to prevail in Nepal and these elements would be able to reap benefit in the expense of overall interest of the country. Indian Prime Minister Narednra Modi, who had earlier boasted to be a friend of Nepal, proved to be a real enemy as he clearly stood against the constitution writing process and the path to herald a new era of peace, stability and democratic consolidation. Furthermore, Modi has imposed an ugly blockade against Nepal which has already created a grave humanitarian crisis in Nepal. Public transport, schools and hospitals and several other sectors have been severely affected. Thus the blockade is a humanitarian crime for which Modi must be held responsible.
India has denied the blockade and instead said the vehicular movement has been obstructed in the border areas due to the protests of the Madhesi people. In fact, the protests of Madhesi parties will have no impact, had India not imposed the blockade. If India allows vehicles to enter into Nepal, it would be Nepal’s responsibility to ensure security for the vehicles. Thus, India’s claim has no justification and its intentions and motives have been clearly exposed both at home and abroad. The international community including the United Nations has expressed serious concern over the blockade and its impact in Nepal. China has demonstrated the best neighborly attitude at the time of crisis in Nepal and has expressed willingness to supply all necessary goods including fuel to Nepal, to which all Nepalese people are really indebted. Similarly, other countries in the region including Bangladesh and Pakistan seem to be ready to provide every possible support to Nepal in order to cope with the present crisis.
However, the United Kingdom, which is the oldest friend of Nepal, seems to have been demonstrating its old imperialist policy by indirectly siding with India. In the joint communiqué issued at the end of Indian Prime Minister Modi’s visit to the UK, Nepal’s issue has entered but in a negative light which is a clear interference in our domestic affair. Nepal expected support from the United Kingdom at this time of crisis. But to our dismay, UK’s role does not appear very positive and the language contained in the India-UK joint communiqué is objectionable which is against the internationally accepted norms, values and principles. Is this the price the United Kingdom has paid for the sacrifice Gurkhas have been making to defend the UK? The United Kingdom and its Prime Minister David Cameron, perhaps, need to answer this question. Now India is using this joint statement as a mtool to justify its inhuman blockade in Nepal.
Sovereignty and independence are dearer for Nepalese than their life. Nepal is the only country in South Asia which never fell into British imperialism even during the hey days of British empire. The entire South Asia was British colony, while Nepal remained independence for which it fought a decisive war with British colonial rulers. Perhaps, UK now took the revenge for its failure to completely crush Nepal during the war in 1814-16. Otherwise there is no justification for the United Kingdom to agree such an objectionable language in the joint communiqué.
Nepal is small and economically and militarily weaker but it is a sovereign country. Nepal is capable of resolving its own problem and it has been doing so in different intervals of history. Thus, the external powers have no right to interfere in Nepal’s internal matters. This is the time that requires us a greater degree of unity to tackle the ongoing grave crisis. However, our political parties are divided sharply. It had been expected that the Nepali Congress, the oldest of the existing political parties of Nepal, would firmly stand against the hegemonic design of India and demonstrate greater national unity.
Unfortunately, the Nepali Congress, breaching the 16-point agreement reached among the major four political forces, acted to weaken the national unity. The Nepali Congress acted at the behest of India to break the unity of major political forces. As a result, the Nepali congress, despite being the largest party in parliament, lost everything and the leftist and nationalists grabbed the key posts including the President, Vice President, Prime Minister, Speaker of parliament and deputy Speaker. Perhaps, Nepali Congress must have regretted now. Now it is time for the Nepali Congress to review this decision and if it does so there is still room for it to join the present government that will make the national unity stronger. This will be good for the Nepali Congress and the country as well.
Most of the Madhesi parties, except the Bijaya Gachchhadar-led party, seem to have been guided and directed by India. Thus, their protests in Terai are not for their political benefit but to support and justify the Indian blockade. India is trying to tell the world that the blockade was not New Delhi’s making but because of Madhesi parties protests. When the external power and country is behaving like an enemy and trying to squeeze Nepal, any act supporting the country’s enemy is a treason. The Madhesi parties are supporting India’s blockade against Nepal which is a treason and this must be condemned by all patriotic Nepalese. There has now been clear polarization between those who have stood firmly for national dignity and those who are supporting external interference. Thus it can be called as the polarization of patriotic forces and traitors. Some Madhesi parties have already shown their dishonesty to the nation by supporting the inhuman blockade of India. Now Nepali Congress has to make its position clear whether it will remain with the Nepalese people or side with the hegemonic design against Nepal.